Domestic and family violence can take a number of forms:
- physical - e.g. slapping, hitting, choking, stabbing
- sexual - e.g. rape, harassment, being forced to watch pornography
- emotional or psychological - e.g. isolating the person from friends, family, culture, threats against children, threats to commit suicide or self-harm
- economic - e.g. withholding money, controlling family finances, taking out loans in a partner’s name without consent
- stalking - e.g. repeated following, watching or harassing
- verbal - e.g. name calling, being hyper-critical, threats to physically harm
- cyber/technological - e.g. surveillance, tracking, intimidation, rape threats on social media, revenge porn
- cultural/religious - e.g. using culture or religion as an excuse for violence, preventing someone or forcing someone to participate in cultural or religious customs.
Domestic and family violence can involve intimate partner violence, sibling abuse, child-to-carer abuse, and elder abuse.
Find out more here: A Cycle of Violence (ABC Radio Background Briefing)